Allergic reactions can be life threatening. Food allergies are the leading cause of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction. Severe and sometimes fatal reactions (anaphylaxis) may occur in students with previously unidentified allergies.
Billings Public Schools, in order to improve student safety has developed a protocol to stock emergency epinephrine in accordance with Montana Code Annotated 20-5-421. This law allows stock auto-injectable epinephrine to be administered by a BPS Registered Nurse or other trained personnel to any student or non-student as needed for actual or perceived anaphylaxis.
Please note: students with known allergies and prescriptions are required to continue to provide prescription medication and appropriate paperwork to the school office.
In accordance with the law, a BPS Registered Nurses provide training annually to all designated personnel authorized to administer epinephrine. The training includes the following: causes of anaphylaxis, recognition of signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis, indications for the administration of epinephrine, the administration technique, and the need for immediate access to a certified emergency responder.
To initiate treatment that might otherwise be delayed.
To lessen symptoms, which are understandably frightening to a student.
To possibly prevent progression to anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock and/or airway closure) in most severe cases.